Comparative Politics David J Samuels Pdf Free
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FABRICE LEHOUCQ holds a Ph.D. in political science from Duke University and is a specialist in institutional analysis, electoral politics, and political economy. Lehoucq is the author of several books, including lead author of Stuffing the Ballot Box: Fraud, Democratization, and Electoral Reform in Costa Rica (Cambridge University Press, 2002) and articles in comparative political studies, comparative politics, and electoral studies. He has received support for his research from the Inter-American Development Bank, Kellogg Institute (University of Notre Dame), the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Social Science Research Council, and the World Bank. At present, he is at work [End Page 270] on a book called Political Institutions, Instability, and Democratic Performance in Latin America. Lehoucq is on the faculty at the Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) in Mexico City and, in August 2005, will become an associate professor, Department of Political Science, University of North Carolina, Greensboro.
MONICA TREVINO GONZALEZ received her Ph.D. from McGill University and is a course lecturer at McGill University in both political science (comparative politics) and international development studies. Her main research interests include social movements and racial politics in Latin America, particularly in Brazil, as well as research methodologies in cross-racial contexts. Her current research projects include an analysis of Afro-Brazilian mobilization in the post-Durban period and a comparative study of contemporary Afro-Latin mobilization.
Subnational units of analysis play an increasingly important role in comparative politics. Although many recent studies of topics such as ethnic conflict, economic policy reform, and democratization rely on comparisons across subnational political units, insufficient attention has been devoted to the methodological issues that arise in the comparative analysis of these units. To help fill this gap, this article explores how subnational comparisons can expand and strengthen the methodological repertoire available to social science researchers. First, because a focus on subnational units is an important tool for increasing the number of observations and for making controlled comparisons, it helps mitigate some of the characteristic limitations of a small-N research design. Second, a focus on subnational units strengthens the capacity of comparativists to accurately code cases and thus make valid causal inferences. Finally, subnational comparisons better equip researchers to handle the spatially uneven nature of major processes of political and economic transformation.
"This is a bold and audacious work, an example of what comparative politics can be but rarely is.... The use of Italy and Japan is somewhat counterintuitive but provides an effective and highly entertaining springboard. Each chapter pairs the experience of a leader with a decision he made at a critical juncture. For Samuels, leadership is the constant manipulation of and movement between the past and the future. Bullying and buying off the opposition may work, but the most effective leaders actively remake the past in pursuit of the future. As Samuels compellingly illustrates, history enhances choice more than it restricts it." 2b1af7f3a8